("The Miserables" in English) was a novel written by Victor Hugo about the June Rebellion, a failed attempt to overthrow the French government during the summer of 1832. The story follow Jean Valjean- a former convict who starts a new life for himself under an assumed name- and Javert- the rule-following police inspector determined to hunt him down.
Other memorable characters include:
Fantine: a working woman that turns to prostitution to pay for her daughter Cosette.
Cosette: a young girl in by Valjean after her mother's death and raised as his daughter.
Marius: an idealistic student torn between his love of country and his love of Cosette.
Eponine: an intelligent street urchin in love with Marius and willing to do anything to protect him.
In 1980, the book was turned into a highly successful musical. It is now one of the most successful and longest running musicals of all time.